What is recycling?

Recycling in the process of separating materials from the flow of waste and reusing them, as raw materials or to create new products. Recycling has economic and ecological significance, it saves on new raw materials produced from natural resources and reduces the quantity of waste.

The importance of recycling

The environmental crisis causes harm to the quality of life, human welfare, health, and jeopardizes the life supporting systems on which human society is dependent. The environmental crisis is more than an environmental (ecological) and technological problem but has a social and behavioral source.

Therefore, sustainable solutions must be provided, and one of them is recycling (a sustainable development approach is based on the understanding that the environment, society, and the economy are interlinked, therefore the design of long term solutions requires coping with all of these components).

The process of recycling

Plastic, glass, and metal are products of natural resources – for example, plastic is a product of crude oil, cans are a product of metal, and so on. Since these resources are imperishable, their decomposition takes hundreds of years and pollutes the earth. The most efficient way of dealing with this hazard is to recycle them.

One of the most advanced fields in Israel's recycling sector is the recycling of drink containers – plastic and glass bottles and cans.

The recycling process begins with the separation of drink containers from the flow of waste and collecting them, an operation which is currently being carried out in more and more Israeli households, schools, institutions and organizations throughout the country.

The drink containers governed by the deposit law are transferred by recycling corporation trucks to the corporation's processing centers, where they undergo a process of unloading, clearing and sorting and preparation for their transfer to the recycling industry. The family size drink bottles (without deposit) are collected by private collection companies who had won the local municipalities' bids and are transferred directly to the industry.

Recycling plastic bottles

Recycling plastic bottles

Plastic bottles (under the deposit law) undergo compression at the ELA Recycling Corporation's two processing centers and transferred as raw material for the plastic recycling industry. At the same time the plastic recycling industry also receives the family size plastic bottles (without deposit) from the collection companies working with local municipalities throughout the country. Processes are carried out in the plastic recycling industry to reprocess the material.

 

These processes include sorting the plastic by color, washing and grinding. New items are manufactured from the plastic, including: fruit baskets, fleece fabrics and textiles, garden furniture and other products. The use of recycled plastic prevents the use of crude oil.

Recycling glass bottles

Recycling glass bottles

Glass bottles are collected in the ELA Recycling Corporation's processing center, undergo a strict sorting into colors (brown, transparent and green). The sorted glass is transferred to a glass recycling plant as raw material. This material is combined with other materials to create new jars and glass bottles. Recycling glass prevents the mining of sand.

Recycling drink cans

Recycling drink cans

Drink cans are collected in the ELA Recycling Corporation's processing center and sorted by type – iron and aluminum (mostly energy drinks)

 

The cans are crushed into cubes and transferred to various recycling industries. The compressed iron cubes are transferred as raw material to a recycling plant, where in a melting process with additional materials they are formed into steel ingots which are used to make fences.